Pronoun

“You” Avoidance

Contributed and posted by ‘The Indonesian Way’, a textbook for the Indonesian language by George Quinn and Uli Kozok. The use of second person pronouns is one of the most difficult areas of…

Bapak and Ibu

Contributed and posted by ‘The Indonesian Way’, a textbook for the Indonesian language by George Quinn and Uli Kozok. In English, basically we have just one second person pronoun: “you”. Except in a…

Is Indonesian a non-sexist language?

Contributed and posted by ‘The Indonesian Way’, a textbook for the Indonesian language by George Quinn and Uli Kozok. The third-person pronouns of English compel us to specify male (he, his), female (she,…

Anda and Kamu

There are many words for “you”: Anda is just one of them and is by no means the most commonly used. In fact Anda is a fairly recent invention, dating from the 1950s. It is…

‘Bapak’ with Capital Letter?

You should note that when the kinship terms bapak (a father) and ibu (a mother) are used as second person pronouns (i.e. meaning “you”) they are written with an initial capital letter, but when they are…

Kami versus Kita

“We” is a small word and it can sometimes be a small problem for English speaking students of Indonesian. The problem is that there are two words for “we” in Indonesian: kami and…

-Nya

“–nya” is used as the counterpart of the English possessive pronoun “its”, i.e. it refers to something inanimate or non-human. It makes no distinction between male and female. If you really need to know the…

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