Prefix ke- that is added to a few root words can form nouns.

Root Word Meaning Prefix ke- + Root Word Meaning
kasih love kekasih lover, beloved
hendak want kehendak desire/intention
rangka skeleton, framework kerangka skeleton
tua old ketua leader, chairman

Prefix ke- that is added to cardinal numbers will form ordinals or can be used for collective numbers.

Cardinal Numbers Meaning Ordinals/Collective Numbers Meaning
dua two kedua second, both
tiga ketiga three third, all three
empat four keempat fourth, all four

*) Reference: Indonesian Reference Grammar, by James Neil Sneddon, 1996

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