-nya

As a Pronoun

Formal Form Colloquial Form Meaning
Bagaimana cara mendapatkannya?
Saya baru seminggu di New York, bahasa Inggris saya masih kacau.
Saya dengar sekarang dia di London.
Gimana cara dapetinnya?
Gua baru seminggu di New York, Inggrisnya masih ngaco.
Katanya sekarang dia di London.
How can I find it?
I’d only been a week in New York, my English is still poor.
I hear she’s now in London.

As a Ligature

It links possessive nouns to the possessed. It can also occur with pronoun substitutes.

Formal Form Colloquial Form
Bu Siti, berapa tahunkah usia ibu berbeda dengan kakak ibu?Saya putus dengan pacar saya karena ibunya. Bu Siti, beda berapa taun sama kakaknya?
Mrs. Siti, what’s the age difference between you and your sister?
Gue putus sama cewek gue gara-gara ibunya dia.
I broke up with my girlfriend because of her mother.

As a Marker of Definiteness and As an Emphasizer

Formal Form Colloquial Form Meaning
Tinggal di daerah mana di Jakarta?Pemeran penjahat di film itu akhirnya mati.
Minuman ini terlalu manis.
Kamu? bagaimana perasaan kamu?
Selamat malam, Budi ada?
Di Jakarta-nya dimana tinggalnya?
Di film itu penjahatnya akhirnya mati.
Minumannya terlalu manis.
Elunya gimana perasannya?
Selamat malam, Budinya ada?
In which part of Jakarta do you live?
In that movie the bad guy is finally dead.
The drink is too sweet.
How do you feel?
Good evening, is Budi in?

Emphasizing Words Other Than Nouns

Formal Form Colloquial Form Meaning
Dulu saya seorang penyanyi.
Siapa yang tidak siap?
Saya penyanyi dulunya.
Siapanya yang nggak siap?
I used to be a singer.
Who is actually not ready?

As a Nominaliser

Formal Form Colloquial Form
Ayah saya sudah meninggal. Beliau meninggaltahun 2005.Nama saya sebenarnya Armand, tapi dimana-mana saya dipanggil Maman. Babe gue udah meninggal. Meninggalnya tahun 2005.
My father has died. He died in 2005.
Nama gue sebenernya Armand, tapi di mana-mana dipanggilnya Maman.
My real name is Armand, but everywhere I’m called Maman.

Reference: Colloquial Jakartan Indonesian by James Neil Sneddon, 2006.

For more information or articles about colloquial, colloquial Indonesian, colloquial Jakartan Indonesian by Dr. Timothy Hassall from ANU, Canberra, Australia, click here.

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