Vocabulary Updates

Musyawarah Mufakat

Musyawarah berasal dari kata ‘syawara’ yaitu berasal dari Bahasa Arab yang berarti berunding, urun rembuk atau mengatakan dan mengajukan sesuatu. Jadi musyawarah adalah suatu upaya untuk memecahkan persoalan (mencari jalan keluar) guna mengambil…

Pasang

The word pasang “pair/couple” is a noun and usually refers to a male and a female: Dua pasang suami istri. Two married couples. Bambang membeli dua pasang burung dara. Bambang buys two pairs…

Gemes

This word is difficult to find in the dictionaries because the “proper” form is actually “gemas”. Gemes is the Jakartanese pronunciation. The word describes the emotion of intense and passionated anger, but the…

“Outsource” dan Sumberluar

Menurut Kamus Webster Amerika, kosakata Inggris sejak 1982 menyediakan nomina outsourcing dan verba outsource. Pengertian itu di Indonesia baru dikenal setelah tahun 2000. Jika keterangan yang terdapat dalam kamus itu diindonesiakan,  outsourcing ialah “praktik menyubkontrak pekerjaan (manufaktur) kepada…

Bapak and Ibu

Contributed and posted by ‘The Indonesian Way’, a textbook for the Indonesian language by George Quinn and Uli Kozok. In English, basically we have just one second person pronoun: “you”. Except in a…

Ihwal Penyerapan

Pengembangan kosakata akibat persentuhan bahasa terutama dilakukan lewat pemadanan makna. Proses itu dapat berupa penerjemahan, penyerapan, atau gabungan penerjemahan dan penyerapan. Jenis penerjemahan pertama dilakukan berdasar kesesuaian makna atau konsep, tetapi bentuknya tidak…

Tuhan vs Allah

The word Tuhan is the original Indonesian word with the original meaning ‘Lord’ which nowadays is still preserved in the word tuan ‘Sir’. The Arabic loanword Allah is used precisely the same way…

Western Loanwords in Indonesian

Indonesian has thousands of words that resemble English words. Lots of them serve an obvious purpose: they fill a gap in the vocabulary. Examples of these are pistol, helikopter, komputer. There was no word to…

Jamu

The term jamu covers a wide range of traditional herbal tonics and medicines. There are jamu medicines for almost every imaginable complaint: for colds and coughs, aches and pains, hypertension, fever, menstrual problems and diarrhoea….

Kopi for Coffee

Contributed and posted by ‘The Indonesian Way’, a textbook for the Indonesian language by George Quinn and Uli Kozok. Indonesia is famous for its tea and coffee. Picturesque tea plantations cover the hills…

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