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Islam and Democracy in Indonesia

Round Table Conference Indonesia Nederland Society The Hague, Senate Building, 25 June 2014 When I was contemplating which thoughts I would like to share with you today, I posed myself the hypothetical question…

17 Agustus 1945

The Republic of Indonesia first saw light on August 17, 1945, when its independence was proclaimed just days after the Japanese surrender to the Allies. Pancasila became the ideological and philosophical basis of…

Indonesia Raya

The Indonesia national anthem is “Indonesia Raya,” which means Great Indonesia. The song was composed in 1928. The colonial policy of the day was “divide and rule.” It was a policy that deliberately…

Garuda

The Garuda Pancasila is the coat of arms of Indonesia. The main part of the coat of arms is the Garuda with a shield on its chest and a scroll gripped by its…

Sang Saka Merah Putih

The Indonesian national flag is called “Sang Saka Merah Putih.” As provided for in Article 35 of the 1945 Constitution, the flag is made up of two colors, red on top of white….

Pancasila

Pancasila is the philosophical basis of the Indonesian state. Pancasila consists of two Sanskrit words, “panca” meaning five, and “sila” meaning principle. It comprises five inseparable and interrelated principles. They are: 1. Belief…

Sumpah Pemuda

Sumpah Pemuda or The Youth Pledge, was a declaration made on 28 October 1928 by young Indonesian nationalists at a conference in the then-Dutch East Indies. They proclaimed three ideals, one motherland, one…

Bhineka Tunggal Ika

The national emblem of the Republic of Indonesia – “Garuda Pancasila” is adorned with the words Bhineka Tunggal Ika- that means Unity in Diversity. The concept of Bhineka Tunggal Ika was started during…

Time Zone

Indonesia is the world’s largest archipelago nation. Its innumerable islands sprawl for almost 5,000 kilometres along the equator. The country is divided into three time zones. Western Indonesian Time or Waktu Indonesia Barat…

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