Dr. Uli Kozok

Pasang

The word pasang “pair/couple” is a noun and usually refers to a male and a female: Dua pasang suami istri. Two married couples. Bambang membeli dua pasang burung dara. Bambang buys two pairs…

Gemes

This word is difficult to find in the dictionaries because the “proper” form is actually “gemas”. Gemes is the Jakartanese pronunciation. The word describes the emotion of intense and passionated anger, but the…

Domestic Architecture

Most houses in Indonesia divide their space into formal “public” areas at the front, and private “inner” areas at the back. They both have open spaces at the front where visitors and guests are…

Tidak Harus?

Contributed and posted by ‘The Indonesian Way’, a textbook for the Indonesian language by George Quinn and Uli Kozok. There is no *tidak harus” in Indonesian (or rather, *tidak harus occurs rarely and only in…

Monas

Javanese cities used to be built around an alun-alun or rectangular, grassed common. Around the sides of the alun-alunyou would find the palace of the ruler (called the kraton in Javanese, or istana in Malay), a prison…

Weather or Climate

The Indonesian word for climate is iklim /EE.k’leem/. The word cuaca /choo.WĀ.chā/ is usually used like the English “weather” to talk about a particular situation on a certain day. Like the English words “climate” and…

Compass in Indonesian – Mata Angin

Here are the main points of the compass (mata angin) in Indonesian. These terms can be attached to the names of places: Asia Tenggara             Amerika Selatan          Jakarta Barat       Laut Utara Southeast Asia             South America            West…

Points Of The Compass In Everyday Life

In some parts of Indonesia people use the points of the compass in everyday life to orient themselves and indicate direction. This is especially the case in the Javanese heartland around Yogyakarta and…

Islamic Education

Indonesia has a huge number of Islamic schools that operate beyond the direct jurisdiction of the Department of National Education (Departemen Pendidikan Nasional). Many of them are traditional, independent, community schools supported and…

Alphabet in Indonesian

Abbreviations are often used in Indonesian. There are literally thousands of commonly used acronyms and abbreviations, and they pop up in profusion in every domain of life. It is important to be able…

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