Other Prepositions

Common

untuk, bagi, guna, buat
dengan
tentang
oleh
for
with
about, concerning
by
sampai
seperti
tanpa
until
like
without

Complex, including a prefix

terhadap
beserta
sesudah, setelah
towards
together with
after

Functions as verbs, as indicated in parentheses

menurut
mengenai
lewat
according to(follow)
about, concerning(affect, concern)
via

Consist of two words

oleh karena
oleh sebab
bersama dengan
because of, on account of
because of, on account of
together with

The forms ‘kepada'(to) and ‘daripada'(than, of) consist of two words written as one.

Function as both preposition and conjunction

sebab, karena
sebelum
sesudah, sehabis
selama
dengan
because of, on account of
before
after
during
by means of, with

Terhadap

Terhadap‘ illustrates the variety of correspondences which might occur.

Sangsi terhadap orang yang melanggar kebiasaan
sikapnya terhadap tamu-tamunya
jengkel terhadap dirinya sendiri
perlakuan Iran terhadap para sandera
berminat terhadap sejarah
perang terhadap perjudian
kemenangan terhadap Jepang
kebencian terhadap mereka
sanctions against people who violate custom
his attitude to/towards his guests
annoyed at himself
Iran’s treatment of the hostages
interested in history
war on/against gambling
victory over Japan
hatred of/towards them

Oleh

Oleh‘ marks the agent of a passive verb and the agent attribute in a noun phrase. It can sometimes follow an intransitive verb. It can also occur with an adjective predicate(being synonymous with ‘dengan'(with).

Buku itu ditulis oleh adik saya.
Dia tewas oleh ledakan bom.
Pasar penuh sesak oleh orang yang datang untuk harga khusus.
The book was written by my brother.
He died as a result of explosion.
The market was packed with people who came for the bargain.

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